Date of Graduation


Level of Access

Restricted: Campus/Bates Community Only Access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department or Program

Environmental Studies

Number of Pages


First Advisor

Sonja Pieck


The Androscoggin River flows through New Hampshire and Maine. Historically, it has been one of the most heavily industrialized and polluted rivers in the US. Historical depictions of the river, especially as relate to the environment, have focused on traditional liberal economic, capitalist, narratives. Using a Marxist lens to examine this historical setting and the relationship between humanity and nature adds to what has been a one-sided story. The Marxist examination reveals that the river has been subject to domination, valuation, and separation at the hands of wealthy industrialists. In addition, the river's role as a provider of labor for the mills and their owners means that Marxism is able to define and explain that relationship in a way which has not been done before.


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