Date of Graduation

Spring 5-2015

Level of Access

Open Access

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Department or Program

Psychology

Number of Pages

67

First Advisor

Langdon, Susan

Abstract

Despite the effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancies, only 49% of college students consistently use condoms during sexual intercourse. The current research utilized hypocrisy induction, a dissonance-based intervention, to increase condom use among undergraduate students. This research consisted of two studies: the first was administered in-person, and the second was conducted via the Internet. Studies 1 and 2 measured the immediate and long-term effects of hypocrisy induction on college students' use of and motivation to use condoms. For both studies, it was hypothesized that hypocrisy participants would demonstrate greater intent for and frequency of safe sex at the one-month follow-up. In both experiments, hypocrisy participants’ long-term motivation to practice safe sex was significantly higher than control participants’. However, hypocrisy participants’ condom use did not increase in Studies 1 or 2. Implications and limitations of the experiments and results are discussed.

Open Access

Available to all.

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