Department or Program

Environmental Studies


Mountains have become spaces that humans will risk their lives to reach the summit, mainly European and American mountaineers. An entire culture has evolved around the mystic allure of mountains and the human desire to be on the summits of the world’s tallest peaks. Mountains hold a different meaning for different cultures, and mountaineering culture does not always reflect the varied perspectives shared amongst Indigenous communities. Indigenous cultures of animacy relate to mountains as they relate to themselves and each other, informing a reciprocal relationship of respect. Settler colonialism has not only displaced Indigenous communities from their land, but it has suppressed their stories.

Level of Access

Restricted: Campus/Bates Community Only Access

First Advisor

Ethan Miller

Date of Graduation


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Number of Pages



Available to Bates community via local IP address or Bates login.