Department or Program

Environmental Studies


Amidst growing consumer electronics, electric vehicle, and grid-level energy storage markets, the demand for lithium-ion batteries is exponentially increasing. This phenomenon presents major concerns for the United States’ lithium-ion battery supply chain due to the high risks associated with the production of raw minerals used in the construction of most types of lithium-ion batteries. The main concerns include the geographical concentration of raw minerals in abroad markets, a severe lack of domestic mineral production, and a wide range of environmental and humanitarian concerns associated with mineral extraction. This paper offers an expository analysis of potential pathways to ensure the security of the U.S lithium-ion battery supply chain as battery-dependent markets exponentially grow.

Level of Access

Restricted: Campus/Bates Community Only Access

First Advisor

John Smedley

Date of Graduation


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Number of Pages


Components of Thesis

1 file type: doc


Available to Bates community via local IP address or Bates login.