Publication Title

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange

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Department or Program


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crystallography, dielectric, diffuse reflectance, Lyonsite, magnetism


© 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The lyonsite structure, characterized by the formula A 4 M 3O12, is a relatively understudied tunneled crystal structure. This host structure is known to be compositionally flexible, able to incorporate a number of cations in various oxidation states into the A site. In the parent compound Co3.75V1.5Mo1.5O12, it is apparent that a stoichiometric vacancy of 0.25 is unavoidable as a result of Coulombic repulsion. This work focuses on the systematic elimination of vacancies by chemically introducing guest Li ions while maintaining host integrity. A full solid solution was found to exist with the formula □0.25–1/8xLi x Co3.75–7/8xV1.5–3/4xMo1.5+3/4xO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2), terminating at the known end member Li2Co2Mo3O12. Lattice refinements on PXRD data confirmed the isostructural nature of the whole series, and detailed structural analysis revealed that competition between Li and Co in the same crystallographic site is unequal, with Li exhibiting a stronger site preference for larger interstitial sites. Diffuse reflectance analysis revealed that the optical band gap is directly tunable with x, and supporting structure-property relationships were also explored via magnetometry and dielectric measurements.


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This is the author's version of the work. This publication appears in Bates College's institutional repository by permission of the copyright owner for personal use, not for redistribution.

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This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange on September 18th, 2020, available online: