Beyond Free Trade: Accounting for Labor and Environmental Governance Principles in NAFTA
Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations
Department or Program
Member State, Free Trade, Child Labor, Industrial Relation, North American Free Trade Agreement
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) entered into force in 1994. Building on the foundations of the Canadian-US Free Trade Agreement of 1988, it brought together Canada, Mexico, and the US into the world’s second largest (by nominal GDP) trade area. Like many other post-Cold War trade agreements, NAFTA aimed at the elimination of a variety of tariff and non-tariff barriers to the circulation of goods, capital, and selected services. There was nothing especially unique, therefore, about NAFTA aside from its size.
Duina, Francesco. 2015. “Beyond Free Trade: Accounting for Labor and Environmental Governance Principles in NAFTA,” pp. 177-191 in Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations, edited by Tanja A. Börzel and Vera van Hüllen. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.