What’s in My Sandwich? Trade, Values, and the Promise of Deeper Integration

Publication Title

Transatlantic Relations: Challenge and Resilience

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Book Chapter - Open Access

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The US and the EU have enjoyed a strong trade relationship for decades, even taking into account their various disputes. The relationship rests on solid market, rule-of-law, and political principles, and the World Trade Organization’s tariff regime. The recent negotiations over the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) negotiations, however, show that obstacles prevent deeper integration. Both deals sought to go beyond tariff reductions by pursuing regulatory alignment. The risks of this approach became clear during the negotiations over food (particularly genetically modified organisms and hormone-treated beef). TTIP was abandoned. A CETA agreement is still awaiting full ratification. CETA also stumbled over a mechanism enabling foreign investors to challenge domestic laws. Regulatory alignment is necessary to deepen transatlantic trade relations, and it might be possible as pressures from other trading initiatives—and the rise of China and Asia—make its costs more acceptable.


Original version is available from the publisher at: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003147565