Characterization of the built food environment for single parent households in an older industrial city, lewiston, maine

David E. Harris, University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine
Michelle Vazquez Jacobus, University Southern Maine Lewiston
Holly A. Ewing, Bates College
Sonja K. Pieck, Bates College
Emily Kane, University of Michigan
Janet Whatley Blum, University of Southern Maine


Food insecurity, when healthy food is inaccessible or unaffordable, is inequitably distrusted in society and a health risk to those experiencing it. Thus it is a social justice issue. Because the built environment can influence food security, it raises environmental justice issues as well. Single parent households [SPH] are at particular risk for food insecurity.