Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Don Nicoll

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 262


Howard Henry Baker, Jr. was born in Huntsville, Tennessee on November 15, 1925. His father was a Congressman from Tennessee, and his mother died when he was eight. He attended Tulane University, and graduated from the University of Tennessee Law College in 1949. He served in the Navy from 1943 to 1946. In 1964, he unsuccessfully ran for the United States Senate. He was successful on his second attempt in 1966, being elected as a Republican. He
served from 1967 to 1985, was Minority Leader from 1977 to 1981, and Majority Leader from 1981 to 1985. He served on the Environmental Protection and Public Works Committees. In 1980, he ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination. He served as Chief of Staff to Ronald Reagan from 1987-1988 and as Ambassador to Japan 2001-2005.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: family political history; committee assignments in the Senate; meeting Muskie; debating issues with Muskie; environmental legislation; operation of the subcommittee; working with Richard Nixon on particular issues; going to Nixon’s home for a meeting; encounters after Muskie’s career; Muskie as Secretary of State; and Muskie’s contributions.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.