Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Don Nicoll

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 185


Sol Linowitz was born in Trenton, New Jersey in 1913 to immigrant parents. His father was a successful fruit importer. He went to Hamilton College, and studied philosophy and German. At Hamilton, he met Elihu Root, who advised him to go on to law school. He graduated from Cornell Law School in 1935. Linowitz has had a distinguished career since, serving as a successful lawyer and chairman of the board at Xerox. He later served as U.S. Ambassador to the Organization of American Sates, Ambassador to Middle East peace negotiations, and was a co-negotiator of the Panama Canal Treaty. He also practiced law until his retirement in 1994. He was a close advisor to Edmund Muskie during his presidential campaigns and his tenure as Secretary of State.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: Muskie in law school; seeing Muskie after his election to the Senate; relationship with Muskie after 1966; meeting with Muskie at the F Street Club; advising Muskie on foreign policy during the presidential campaigns and as Secretary of State; Muskie’s resolution of problems at the State Department; Muskie’s attitude toward the Vietnam War; Latin America; and the trip to the Middle East.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.