Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Don Nicoll

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 300


Lee Enfield Lockwood was born February 17, 1946 in Cumberland, Maryland, to Sarah and Sam Enfield. She grew up in Houston, Texas, attending a local public elementary school and a private high school. She attended Duke University and majored in political science, graduating in 1968. She moved to Washington, D.C. and was hired by the staff of Senator Muskie. She worked for Muskie from 1969 to 1978, beginning with tasks like sorting and reading the mail and eventually handling speech writing and legislation.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: Lockwood’s family and educational background; Virginia Pitts; Lockwood’s initial duties as a member of the Muskie staff; Vietnam protesters; Dr. Mansur Olsen and the Farm Bill; McGovern-Hatfield Bill; her press leak to David Broder; Gayle Cory; Lockwood’s position in the “Boiler Room” during Muskie’s 1972 presidential campaign; 1972 New Hampshire Primary; Muskie’s statement about Tom Bradley; Lockwood’s first introduction to Senator Muskie; Property Tax study; her experiences as a speech writer for Muskie; traveling with Muskie; Panama Canal; Proposition 13; and Lee “locking horns” with Don Nicoll over Vietnam.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.