Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Don Nicoll

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 101


Mike Mansfield was born March 16, 1903 in New York City to Irish immigrant parents. When Mansfield was 14, he served as a seaman in the U.S. Navy for World War I. He later served in the Army and Marine Corps. He graduated from Montana State University at Missoula in 1933. After graduating, he became a professor of History and Political Science there in 1933 until 1942. He was elected as a Democrat to the 78th Congress in January of 1943. In 1953, he became a U.S. Senator from Montana. From 1961-1977, he was the Senate Majority Leader supporting a number of things including the Foreign Relations Committee and the National Health Insurance. Mansfield was appointed the U.S. Ambassador to Japan in 1976 by President Carter and was reappointed by President Reagan.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: U.S. Senate in 1959; Muskie’s perspective during the Senate years; Senator’s styles during the late 1950s and early 1960s; Vietnam War; Muskie and the Environmental Subcommittee; Mansfield’s impressions of Muskie; and Muskie’s characteristics and style.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.