Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Don Nicoll

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 392


Samuel R. “Sandy” Berger is a native of New York, a graduate of Cornell University (1967) and Harvard Law School (1971). He served as a special assistant to Mayor John Lindsay of New York, legislative assistant to Senator Harold Hughes (D-IA), deputy director of the Policy Planning Staff, Department of State (1977-1980), deputy national security advisor (1993-1996) and national security advisor (1997-2000). He is now president of Stonebridge, an international affairs consulting firm.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: early impressions of Senator Muskie; observations of the State Department during Muskie’s term as Secretary of State; speech writing for Muskie; and post- 1980 relationship as lawyers and friends.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.