Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection


Greg Beam

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 195


Carroll Minkowsky was born January 7, 1933 in Lewiston, Maine. His parents were Carroll John and Catherine (Bergin) Minkowsky. They made their living operating a grocery and variety store. He attended St. Patrick’s school and Lewiston High School. He worked for WCOU radio for a time and studied briefly at Yale. He is married with six children. He served in the Maine House of Representatives from 1967 to 1969 and the Maine Senate from 1969 to 1985.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: 1954 Maine gubernatorial campaign; Bergin block, 1897; 1940s Lewiston pool halls; recollections of World War II; John Minkowsky, his great-great grandfather, who was burned at stake due to actions against Russians in Poland during period of religious persecution; race relations/tensions in the military; prejudice in Lewiston of immigrants by “Yankee establishment”; Steve Minkowsky of the Maine Democratic Party and Deputy Director of the Maine Workers’ Compensation Commission; Faust Couture and WCOU; Old City Charter of Lewiston; “Lewiston Days”; Bliss Business College; Sunday sales bill; Elmer Violette and St. John’s Valley; Mitchell’s 1974 gubernatorial campaign; and his perspective on Muskie’s personality, work, and politics.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.