Edmund S. Muskie Oral History Collection

Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date


Interview Number

MOH 243


George A. Carroll was born in Limerick, Maine on March 3, 1919. There he grew up and graduated from high school in 1937. Due to the unemployment rates, he served 18 months at the Bridgton CC Camp as assistant leader. On April 12, 1941he was drafted by the U.S. Army and served seven years in North Africa and Italy during World War II. A severe injury in Italy sent him home to Maine, where, limited by his injuries, he bought and ran a dairy farm with the help of his sons. After 45 years, he passed it on to his youngest son. He served on the local school committee and sponsored a bill and then became a member of the 102nd Legislature for Maine. His other son, Arthur Carroll, is active in politics and worked for and with Muskie.

Scope and Content Note

Interview includes discussions of: family background; George’s farm in Limerick; Arthur Carroll; farming in Maine; Carroll family and Limerick history; workers’ unions and the Democratic Party; teacher’s pay scale and his work in the 102nd Legislature; his war injury; education in Maine; Ed Muskie and his relationship to the legislature as senator; Maine politicians: George Mitchell, Dana Childs, Buddy Reed, Ken Curtis, Joe Brennan, Dick Flanagan, Severin Beliveau, Roger Hare; Maine Turnpike; Muskie’s 1954 campaign; Jane Muskie; Bill Hathaway; Muskie’s environmental work as his legacy; and Carroll’s own close campaign and recount fiasco.

Use Restrictions

Copyright Bates College. This transcript is provided for individual Research Purposes Only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.