Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date



Copyright Steve Hochstadt. This transcript is provided for individual research purposes only; for all other uses, including publication, reproduction and quotation beyond fair use, permission must be obtained in writing from: Steve Hochstadt, c/o The Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College, 70 Campus Avenue, Lewiston, Maine 04240-6018.

Scope and Content Note

Fred Erdman was born in 1899 in Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1904 his family moved to Vienna. In March 1938 he lost his savings and his rubber factory, and in November his family was arrested. He sent his daughter to England with a children's transport. In July 1939 Erdman left Vienna with his wife on their way to Shanghai, but was able to get off in Singapore and was hired to work in a rubber factory. In 1940 his American quota number came up, and they sailed to the United States, stopping for three weeks in Shanghai. Erdman was reunited with his daughter in the United States.